Today in Labor History: Weekend Edition
July 5—Battle of Rincon Hill, San Francisco, in longshore strike. Some 5,000 strikers fought 1,000 police, scabs and national guardsmen. Two strikers were killed, 109 people injured. The incident, forever known as “Bloody Thursday,” led to a general strike – 1934
July 6—Rail union leader Eugene V. Debs is arrested during the Pullman strike, described by the New York Times as “a struggle between the greatest and most important labor organization and the entire railroad capital” that involved some 250,000 workers in 27 states at its peak – 1894
July 7—Mary Harris “Mother” Jones begins “The March of the Mill Children,” when, accompanied part of the way by children, she walked from Philadelphia to President Theodore Roosevelt’s home on Long Island to protest the plight of child laborers. One of her demands: reduce the children’s work week to 55 hours – 1903
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Cool Labor Site: IRLE Library
The IRLE Library is an Affiliated Library of the UC Berkeley campus. It houses in excess of 45,000 volumes with a special focus on labor issues, labor economics, and organizations. http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/library/