Today in Labor History: Weekend Edition
June 27—Emma Goldman, women’s rights activist and radical, born in Lithuania. She came to the U.S. at age 17 – 1869
June 28—Birthday of machinist Matthew Maguire, who many believe first suggested Labor Day. Others believe it was Peter McGuire, a carpenter – 1850
June 29—What is to be a 7-day streetcar strike begins in Chicago after several workers are unfairly fired. Wrote the police chief at the time, describing the strikers’ response to scabs: “One of my men said he was at the corner of Halsted and Madison Streets, and although he could see fifty stones in the air, he couldn’t tell where they were coming from.” The strike was settled to the workers’ satisfaction – 1885
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Labor Video: Miles of Smiles
Miles of Smiles chronicles the organizing of the first black trade union—the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. This inspiring story of the Pullman porters provides one of the few accounts of African American working life between the Civil War and World War II. Click here to watch the trailer.